Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 201
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809

Sold for £ 112,750 (US$ 153,802) inc. premium
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Each decorated in the centre with a butterfly reserved against a pale-blue ground within a colourful floral wreath bound with gilt ribbons against a burnished gilt band, the gilt-edged, red-ground rim with a border of formal gilt foliage within two gilt lines, 23.7cm diam. 'M.Imp.le/ de Sevres/ 1809' stencilled in iron-red, gilt marks and various incised marks (12)

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    A gift of Napoleon I to the ambassador Ferdinando, Conte Marescalchi;
    Thence by descent to the current owner

    Ferdinando Marescalchi (26 February 1754, Bologna - 22 June 1816, Modena) was a notable Italian diplomat and politician. When the French invaded Italy, he led the faction which openly declared their support of Napoleon, and he came to the attention of Bonaparte himself, who placed much trust and confidence in him.
    He was a strong supporter of the political reform of 1796 and when the Cispadane Republic was formed that year he became part of its executive directory. The Cispadane Republic sent him to Vienna as its plenipotentiary in 1799, but he was only able to gain a single audience with Francis I of Austria. Soon the Russo-Austrian invasion of Italy forced him and his colleagues to flee to France until they were able to return after the Battle of Marengo. In July 1800 he was made the Cispadane Republic's representative to Paris. He took part in the 1801-02 'Consulte de Lyon' in the former chapel of the Jesuit college of the trinity, where he is also depicted amongst the council in a complex and large painting by Nicolas-André Monsiau (1806-07). The Council at first suggested electing an Italian statesman as president, but no willing candidate could be found. Talleyrand then intervened and suggested that the Italians elect Bonaparte himself, due to the presence of French troops in Italy and the reluctance of the other Italian states to recognise the Cisalpine Republic - this suggestion was accepted, with Marescalchi's full support.

    Marescalchi lived in Paris as the Republic's foreign minister from 1802 to 1805. He was strongly supported in his work by Bernier, bishop of Orléans, who with Giovanni Battista Caprara co-organised the Concordat between Rome and Italian Republic, signed in Paris on 9 September 1803. Marescalchi also assisted in the coronation of Napoleon I on 2 December 1804. After the inauguration of Napoleon as King of Italy, Marescalchi became his representative in France, but with limited autonomy in Italy. He and Emmanuel Crétet signed a Franco-Italian trade treaty on 20 June 1808. He rented Hôtel de Massa as his Paris residence. Napoleon also made Marescalchi a count of the Kingdom of Italy in December 1810 and grand chancellor of the Order of the Iron Crown and a member of all the Napoleonic orders. He was also member of the electoral college of Reno. After Marescalchi's return to Bologna, Napoleon visited him twice. By this time Marescalchi's collection of Old Master paintings was renowned. It attracted much admiration, including that of Stendhal who, after a visit to Mareschalchi's palazzo wrote in his memoirs: "in the house of Mr. Marescalchi there is a room to envy. It is full of exquisite paintings by Guido Reni, Guercino, Carracci. It's not the usual stuff. It is valued at 500,000 francs." After Napoleon's abdication, Marie-Louise of Austria made Marescalchi governor of the Grand Duchy of Parma and Piacenza. He was also the Austrian emperor's plenipotentiary at Modena, where he died on 22 June 1816.

    For a discussion of the dessert service "fond rouge, papillons et fleurs", commissioned for Compiègne but delivered in October 1809 to Fontainebleau, shortly before the Emperor's arrival there on 26th October for a stay of a little over two weeks see Camille Le Prince, Napoléon Ier & la Manufacture de Sèvres (2016), p. 72, and p. 278 for the entry of 11 October 1809 in the Magasin de Vente, including the composition of the service, which had a total value of 18,580 francs. Other table and coffee services were delivered to Fontainebleau at the same time, including a service with beau bleu ground that was also originally intended for Compiègne (S. Wittwer, Raffinesse & Eleganz (2007), cat. no. 64). In the imperial hierarchy, Fontainebleau ranked second among the country estates, just after Saint Cloud, and required furnishings commensurate with its importance (Le Prince, p. 72).

    The service comprised 180 plates, thirty-six plates (without the butterfly and floral wreath in the centre) for mounting as fruit plates, sixteen compotiers (of which half had dolphin feet), four footed bowls, four sugar bowls with eagle heads, two ice pails with elephant heads, two ice coolers of "forme Olympique", four baskets "forme Jasmin" and four shallower baskets. An additional four sugar bowls "à dauphin olympique" were listed separately as a cost of 1400 francs, and four more plates were listed on 18 October 1809, and another on 25 March 1811 (Wittwer, ibid.).

    Two other plates from the service were sold in these Rooms, 3 December 2008, lots 371 and 372, the first of which was acquired by the Chateau de Fontainebleau. Another plate was sold in these rooms 25 May 2011, lot 363, and two more on 12 December 2012, lots 238 and 240. A further group of twelve plates were sold in these rooms on 5 July 2018, lot 223. A group comprising one of the ice pails with elephant heads, two of the sugar bowls with eagle heads, one footed bowl, six compotiers, as well as twelve plates, was sold from the estate of David Rockefeller (Christie's New York, 9 May 2018, lot 118).
Contacts
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Twelve Sèvres plates from the 'Service de dessert Marly Rouge' for the Emperor Napoleon, circa 1809
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine, Whisky and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £10,000 of the hammer price;
25% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £10,000 up to and including £450,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £450,000 up to and including £4,500,000;
and 14.5% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £4,500,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalog.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

App