A Meissen Böttger stoneware teabowl and saucer, circa 1710-13

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Lot 5
A Meissen Böttger stoneware teabowl and saucer, circa 1710-13

Sold for £ 27,562 (US$ 34,818) inc. premium
A Meissen Böttger stoneware teabowl and saucer, circa 1710-13
Each finely polished, decorated possibly in the workshop of Martin Schnell in Dresden with a gilt lambrequin border around the inside of the rim and double-line borders to the outside rim and footrims, saucer: 14cm across (2)

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Margravine Karoline Luise of Baden-Durlach (1723-83);
    Hereditary Prince Karl Ludwig of Baden (1755-1801); by descent to
    Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden (1826-1907);
    Thence by descent;
    Sold from the Collections of the Margraves and Grand Dukes of Baden by Sotheby's Baden-Baden, 18 October 1995, lots 1255 and 1256

    Literature:
    Karl Koelitz, Beschriebendes Inventar der Allerhöchsten Privatsammlung kunstgewerblicher Gegenstände (unpublished ms, Karlsruhe, 1883), inv. nos. 825 and 828;
    Richter, Inventar des Zähringer Museums (unpublished ms, Baden-Baden, 1919), inv. nos. 1054 and 1057;

    Exhibited:
    Karlsruhe, Zähringer Museum, Grand Ducal Residence, from 1879;
    Baden-Baden, Zähringer Museum, Neues Schloss, ca. 1960-93

    This teabowl and saucer belonged to an extensive group of polished Böttger stoneware decorated in gilding that was inherited by the Margravine Karoline Luise of Baden-Durlach (1723-83) in the second half of the 18th century. She displayed most of the historic porcelain that she inherited from various members of her and her husband's families as part of a scientific display in the Naturalia Cabinet in the Karlsruhe Residence. The Böttger stoneware, along with much of the porcelain collection, is listed in her posthumous inventory, which is repeated in that of her son, Karl Ludwig von Baden-Durlach (1755-1801).

    In the inventory, and probably also in the display of the Naturalia Cabinet, this teabowl and saucer were one of five teabowls and six saucers, grouped together with other polished Böttger stoneware with gilt rims, including three teapots, three octagonal teapots and two oval flasks (Verlassenschaft des Erbprinzen Karl Ludwig von Baden-Durlach, 1805-09, Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe (GLA) FA 6 Person 12 II: 'das Naturalien Cabinett: Fein irdenes Geschirr [p. 102, no. 597] Eine Garnitur von feiner brauner Erde, glasirt mit Vergoldung, bestehend in: [...] 5 ober und 6 Unter Kaffee Schalen [...]' [the Naturalia Cabinet: fine earthenware: a garniture of fine brown earth, glazed with gilding, consisting of (...) 5 coffee cups and 6 saucers (...)].

    The Böttger stoneware may originally have been in the collection of the Margravine Sibylla Augusta of Baden-Baden (1675-1733), who assembled an important collection of Chinese and European ceramics, including early Meissen stoneware and porcelain, in Schloss Favorite, that was inherited by Karoline Luise in 1771. However, Karoline Luise also inherited early Meissen stoneware and porcelain from other members of her husband's family, as well as from her own grandparents.

    The Böttger stoneware was exhibited from 1879 in the same rooms in the Grand Ducal Residence in Karlsruhe that had contained the Naturalia Cabinet and they are listed in the inventory of 1883 by Karl Koelitz. When the last Grand Duke of Baden abdicated in 1918, this collection was considered the family's private property and, in 1919, it was moved to the Neues Schloss, Baden-Baden, where - from around 1960 - it was on public display as part of the Zähringer Museum. Other parts of the same group, now in the collection of the Staatliche Schlösser und Gärten Baden-Württemberg, Schloss Favorite (inv. nos. G7573, 7577, 7580-81) are published by U. Grimm / U. Wiese, Was Bleibt (1996), pp. 52ff. Another teabowl and saucer was in the Arnhold Collection, New York, published by M. Cassidy-Geiger, The Arnhold Collection of Meissen Porcelain 1710-50 (2008), no. 63.
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A Meissen Böttger stoneware teabowl and saucer, circa 1710-13
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