A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 132
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA
TIBET, 18TH CENTURY

Sold for HK$ 4,020,000 (US$ 512,118) inc. premium
Premium Lot - Online Bidding Will Not Be Available
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA
TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
Himalayan Art Resources item no.2147
22.8 cm (9 in.) high

Footnotes

  • Among the fertile collaboration between the imperial court of China and monastic seats of power in Tibet a tremendous volume of Buddhist sculpture was commissioned for exchange and presentation. Tashi Lhunpo, in Central Tibet, was considered the most powerful and influential monastery in the 18th century. Similarly, Dolonnor Monastery in Inner Mongolia, established in 1701 as the summer residence of the Gelug spiritual regent in Inner Mongolia, the Changkya Hutuktu, became a major center of production for Buddhist sculpture and painting.

    The masterful execution of this powerful composition suggests strong Newari influences catering to the Qing imperial taste. The single row of long, rounded lotus petals and a thick beaded upper rim match the base of a Hayagriva published in von Schroeder, Indo-Tibetan Bronzes, Hong Kong, 1981, p.455, no.125D-E, as well as the lotus petals found on a Nepalese Indra (ibid., p.384, no.104A). These examples indicate Newari workmanship beyond the Kathmandu Valley. As does another 18th-century Hayagriva in the Musée Guimet, that is stylistically very close, with a more elaborate flaming arch and narrower lotus pedestal (ibid., p.455, no.125F).

    Additionally, the incised visvavajra on the consecration plate is gilded following a tradition that is favored by the atelier of Zanabazar in Outer Mongolia within the 17th and early 18th centuries. While there was a tradition in Tibet of fully gilded consecration plates, this Zanabazar school idiom of a separately gilded visvavajra may suggest that the Newari artists once thought to have worked in Mongolia, travelled afterwards to take up special projects at thriving monasteries such as Tashi Lhunpo. Compare the modeling of the broad curling lotus leaves found on a Mongolian Jinasagara-Avalokitesvara published in Jinshen, Eternal Wisdom: Collection of Gilt-Bronze Buddhist Sculptures from the Hall of Harmony, Beijing, 2011, p.235. Both sculptures also share the same treatment of jewelry, beaded festoons, and garlands of heads.

    A near-identical, slightly smaller sculpture was recently sold at Sotheby's, New York, 16 March 2016, lot 745. Other related examples, united by a common treatment of the flaming aureole, are held in Rehol Monastery, Chengde and the Qing Palace Collection, Beijing, published in Hsu, Buddhist Art from Rehol, Taipei, 1999, p. 97, no. 29, and Wang (ed.), Zangchuan Fojiao Zaoxiang, Hong Kong, 1992, p.92, no.64, respectively.

    Provenance
    Sotheby's, London, 2 December 1968, lot 14
    Private European Collection, thence by descent


    銅鎏金大威德金剛像
    西藏,十八世紀
    喜馬拉雅藝術資源網2147號
    高 22.8 釐米 (9 英寸)

    800,000-1,200,000 港元

    隨著中原宮廷與西藏宗教統治者展開多方面合作,大量佛教造像成為了交流與饋贈之媒介。西藏中部的扎什倫布寺被視為十八世紀當地最具權力與影響力的寺廟。而內蒙古境內興建於 1701 年的多倫諾爾寺也逐漸成為重要的佛教雕塑和繪畫創作中心,該寺始作為內蒙格魯派精神領袖章嘉呼圖克圖的避暑地而建。

    此尊造像氣勢恢宏,技藝精湛,體現出尼瓦爾風格之影響,並迎合清朝宮廷審美。渾圓的長蓮瓣圍成單排,且上緣飾有飽滿的連珠,與另一尊馬頭明王像底座風格近似(參見馮·施羅德,印度與西藏的銅造像,香港,1981 年,頁 455,125D-E 號),其蓮瓣亦與另一尊尼泊爾因陀羅像如出一轍(出處同前,頁 384,104A 號)。這些例子表明尼瓦爾工藝不僅局限於加德滿都谷地,且遠播他國。此尊造像在風格上非常接近吉美博物館所藏的另一尊十八世紀馬頭明王(出處同前,頁 455 ,125F 號),只是其火焰背光更為繁雜且蓮瓣更為狹長。

    另外,其封底上所刻的十字金剛杵表面鎏金,此傳統在十七世紀與十八世紀初深受外蒙古札那巴札爾作坊的青睞。雖然西藏擁有將整個封底鎏金的傳統,但是僅鎏金十字金剛杵仍主要為札那巴札爾派之傳統,表明尼瓦爾藝術家曾在蒙古進行創作,而後又前往其它發展迅速的寺廟進行創作,比如扎什倫布寺。此尊造像寬大卷曲的蓮瓣風格與一尊蒙古大悲勝海紅觀音相似,參見金申,智慧無限:合緣堂藏金銅佛像,北京,2011 年,頁 235。兩尊造像亦在珠寶、串珠瓔珞及人頭幔等細節上相似。

    與其幾乎相同但尺寸稍小的一尊造像於 2016 年 3 月 16 日在蘇富比紐約售出,拍品 745 號。其他幾尊帶有相似火焰背光的造像分別藏於承德熱河寺及北京故宮,出版於Hsu,Buddhist Art from Rehol,台北,1999 年,頁 97,29 號,以及王家鵬,藏傳佛教造像,香港,1992 年,頁 92 ,64 號。

    來源
    蘇富比倫敦,1968 年 12 月 2 日,拍品 14 號
    歐洲私人收藏,此後家族傳承

Contacts
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
A GILT COPPER ALLOY SHRINE TO VAJRABHAIRAVA TIBET, 18TH CENTURY
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories excluding Wine and Whisky:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% up to HK$200,000 of the Hammer Price
26% from HK$200,001 to HK$7,500,000 of the Hammer Price
20% from HK$7,500,001 to HK$50,000,000 of the Hammer Price
14.5% over HK$50,000,000 of the Hammer Price.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licences please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

App